Category Archives: Historical Write Ups

Ebola or Ébórà? – By Olamide Noble | Historic

Advertisements

It is called Ebola (Ebola Virus)

It is also called Ebola hemorrhagic fever. A virus that causes severe bleeding, organ failure and can lead to death.

  • Treatable by a medical professional
  • Spreads by animals or insects
  • Requires a medical diagnosis
  • Lab tests or imaging always required
  • Critical: needs emergency care

Humans may spread the virus to other humans through contact with bodily fluids such as blood.

Extremely rare: Fewer than 500 cases per year (Nigeria)

How Did Ebola Virus Start?

The Ebola virus outbreak that’s ravaging West Africa probably started with a single infected person, a new genetic analysis shows. This West African variant can be traced genetically to a single introduction, perhaps a person infected by a bat, researchers report in the journal Science. Continue Reading »

Is Ebola A Curable Virus?

There is no cure or specific treatment for the Ebola virus disease that is currently approved for market, although various experimental treatments are being developed. … As of August 2019, two experimental treatments known as REGN-EB3 and mAb-114 were found to be 90% effective. Continue Reading »

Where is Ebola Virus Found?

Ebola viruses are mainly found in primates in Africa and the Philippines; there are only occasional Ebola outbreaks of infection in humans. Ebola hemorrhagic fever occurs mainly in Africa in the Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Sudan, Ivory Coast, and Uganda, but it may occur in other African countries. Continue Reading »

How Does Ebola Virus Kill?

After entering the body, it kills cells, making some of them explode. It wrecks the immune system, causes heavy bleeding inside the body, and damages almost every organ. The virus is scary, but it’s also rare. You can get it only from direct contact with an infected person’s body fluids. Continue Reading »

written by: Adigun Michael Olamide ‘Olamide Noble’

source(s): nbcnews, wikipedia, medicinenet, webmd


#Newsworthy…

Advertisements

Where is Lassa Fever? – By Olamide Noble | Historic

Advertisements

The illness was discovered in 1969 and is named after the town in Nigeria where the first cases occurred. An estimated 100,000 to 300,000 infections of Lassa fever occur annually, with approximately 5,000 deaths. Surveillance for Lassa fever is not standardized; therefore, these estimates are crude.

History•

Lassa fever (LF) is an acute and sometimes severe viral hemorrhagic illness endemic in West Africa. The disease was first recognized in Nigeria in 1969. Humans contract Lassa virus (LASV) primarily through contact with contaminated excreta of the rodent Mastomys natalensis, which is the natural reservoir.

Who Discovered Lassa Fever?

Lassa fever was first described in the 1950s, and the viral particle was identified in 1969 from three missionary nurses who died in Lassa, Nigeria, after caring for an infected obstetrical patient.

Where Was Lassa Fever First Discovered In Nigeria?

Lassa fever is an acute viral illness that occurs in West Africa. The illness was discovered in 1969 when two missionary nurses died in Lassa Village in Borno State. The cause of the illness was found to be Lassa virus, named after the town in Nigeria where the first cases originated.

Where Did Lassa Fever Originates From?

Descriptions of the disease date from the 1950s. The virus was first described in 1969 from a case in the town of Lassa, in Borno State, Nigeria. Lassa fever is relatively common in West Africa including the countries of Nigeria, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea, and Ghana.

How Did Lassa Fever Spread?

The Lassa virus is transmitted to humans mainly through handling rats, food or house- hold items contaminated by rats’ urine and faeces. The virus can spread between people through direct contact with the body fluids of a person infected with Lassa fever, as well as contaminated bedding and clothing.

Symptoms of Lassa Fever

Symptoms: Fever, headaches, bleeding

Other names: Lassa hemorrhagic fever

Deaths: 5,000 deaths per year

as written by: Adigun Michael Olamide ‘Olamide Noble’

source(s): Google


#Newsworthy…

Advertisements

Why It Is Called ‘Aso Rock’ – By Olamide Noble | Historic

Advertisements

History•

It is one of the city’s most noticeable features. The Nigerian Presidential Complex, Nigerian National Assembly, and Nigerian Supreme Court are located around it. Much of the city extends to the south of the rock. “Aso” means victorious in the native language of the Asokoro (“the people of victory”) ethnic group.

Who Built Aso Rock?

President Ibrahim Babangida, who took office in 1985, commenced construction of a new Presidential residence and in 1991 the Aso Rock Presidential Villa was completed and President Babangida became the first Head of State to occupy it, in on December 12, 1991.

How Long Is Aso Rock?

~ 1,000 M

Advertisements

Which Rock Is The Biggest In Nigeria?

Zuma Rock is a large monolith, an igneous intrusion composed of gabbro and granodiorite, that is located in Niger State, Nigeria. It rises spectacularly immediately west of Nigeria’s capital Abuja, along the main road from Abuja to Kaduna off Madala, and is sometimes referred to as the “Gateway to Abuja from Suleja”.

How Many Rocks Are In Nigeria?

Rocks in Nigeria

The country has a pretty big list of tourist attractions to observe, from mysterious caves and quick rivers to huge mountains. People who love mountains will absolutely like visiting rocks in Nigeria because some of these sightseeing locations are way higher than the famous Egypt pyramids!

Advertisements

The list of five major rocks in Nigeria includes:

Olumo Rock
Zuma Rock
Aso Rock
Riyom Rock
Wase Rock


We can continue this list because there are more than just five well-known rocks in Nigeria. But these five places are most visited, so every citizen and tourist who travels across the country should spend some time visiting some beautiful and high rocks.

Where is Olumo Rock located?
This rock is extremely popular in Nigeria. Many local people and tourists come here to enjoy spectacular views.

Olumo Rock is located near Ogun River, in Ogun State. If you take the A5 highway, head to Abeokuta and you will see this attraction from far away because its highest peak reaches 137 meters above the sea level. While it is not as high as Aso Rock, you will still be stunned.

Advertisements

Where is Zuma Rock located?
If you are a citizen of Nigeria, you can see this place every day or even more often. If you are a tourist, you can also look at Zuma Rock even without visiting this beautiful place. Why are we so sure about this? Take any 100 Naira banknote and look at it. What do you see? Exactly!

Of course, the real Zuma Rock location is not on the notes. It can be visited in Niger State, and you can take the A234 highway from Abuja (capital) towards Kaduna and near Madala. The mountain’s height impresses. It is nearly 725 meters (over 3.6 thousand feet)!

Aso Rock location
If you live in Abuja or visit the capital of Nigeria, you should travel closer to Aso Rock. Its tremendous size reminds of pyramids, but we have to note one important fact. This ‘capital’ rock is 10 times higher than the most famous pyramid. Of course, it doesn’t have the shape or color of Giza pyramid (it’s a well-known Egypt tourist attraction), but Aso Rock is exceptionally high reaching 400 meters (1,300 feet) high above the sea level.

You have already guessed that this major rock in Nigeria is located in Abuja. If you have plans to see the Complex of the President of the country or happen to go to the Supreme Court or travel the A234 highway, you will not miss the fantastic rock.

Advertisements

Riyom Rock location
This tourist attraction in Nigeria is pretty unusual. Many citizens call it ‘Three Rocks’ formation because of its unique shape. The huge rocks lay on top of each other.

This fantastic site is located in Plateau State, close to Riyom town.

Wase Rock location
While this rock is not visited by locals and tourists as often as other major rocks in Nigeria, it is worth being added to our list because of its unique shape. Firstly, it has a shape of a dome. Secondly, it originates from a volcano. Thirdly, pelicans love it and choose it as their breeding ground. Finally, yet importantly, Wase Rock is one of the five isolated dome-shaped rock hills on our planet.

Reaching approximately 350 meters (over 1.1 thousand feet) above the sea level, this rock is located in Wase town (in Plateau State).

as written by: Adigun Michael Olamide – ‘Olamide Noble’

source(s): google and legit.ng


#Newsworthy…

Advertisements

Asi River & Turkey-Syria Dam. [History]


For many years, negotiations between Turkey and Syria over the Orontes or Asi River were linked to issues concerning the Euphrates and Tigris rivers shared between Turkey, Syria and Iraq, and progress of the former was dependent on progress of the latter. From the start of negotiations between the three countries in the early 1980s, Turkey and Syria adopted conflicting strategies. Whereas, Turkey insisted that negotiations would encompass all regional trans-boundary waters including the Asi, the Euphrates and the Tigris, Syria refused to discuss the Asi River with Turkey. Syria considered the Turkish province of Hatay, through which the Asi River flows before discharging into the Mediterranean, as Syrian territory, and hence regarded the Asi as a national rather than a trans-boundary river. Any negotiation would have been tantamount to acknowledging Turkey’s sovereignty over Hatay.


This stalemate prevailed until Ankara and Damascus signed the Adana Agreement in October 1998. Following this rapprochement, relations between the two countries improved considerably, both politically and economically. During a visit to Syria in 2004, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, then Turkish prime minister, proposed a joint multi-purpose dam to be built on the Asi River.

In 2009, the Syrian Minister of Irrigation and the Turkish Minister of Environment signed a memorandum of understanding for the construction of the ‘Friendship Dam’ on the Turkey-Syria border. The agencies responsible – the Turkish General Directorate of State Hydraulic Works (DSİ) and the Syrian General Company for Hydraulic Studies – met in January 2010 and agreed that the feasibility studies and final design proposal should be ready by October 2010. On 6 February 2011, the prime ministers of both countries celebrated the laying of the foundation stone of the Friendship Dam. However, the project came to a halt with the Syrian uprising in March of that year. Five years on, with no end to the Syrian conflict in sight, the future of the project is now uncertain.

Asi (Orontes) River Location.

Orontes is the English name of the river, whereas Asi is used both in Arabic and Turkish. As such, it will be used throughout this report.


#Newsworthy ..

What Brought Islam? [History]


Islam is the Arabic word for ’submission’, in the sense of surrendering to God’s will. It is the religion of about 1.6 billion people around the globe as of 2010, according to the Pew Research Center, which also ranks the Abrahamic, monotheistic faith as the fastest growing religion in the world.


How Islam Began

It was in the small desert town of Mecca, located in what is now Saudi Arabia and surrounded by the Byzantine and Sassanian empires, that Islam emerged in the early 7th century through revelations that Muslims believe were made to Islam’s prophet, Muhammad, by the archangel Gabriel – Jibril in Arabic.

Muhammad began receiving revelations in 610 while he was meditating in a cave on the summit of Mount Hira, outside Mecca. Muslims believe that those revelations are the words of God, conveyed by Gabriel, and that they constitute the Koran, Islam’s holy book.

Muhammad only confided in his wife and close family and friends that he had received the revelations, and it was more than two years later that he started preaching publicly.

A Religio-Social Reform Movement
According to certain historians and religious scholars, such as Vernon O. Egger, Islam emerged essentially as a ‘religio-social reform movement’, as its leader grew up an impoverished orphan who lived with his grandfather, then with an uncle after his grandfather’s death.

At the time, Mecca was home to the pagan Kaaba shrine and the few hundred pagan idols surrounding it, as well as a regional trade centre with unequal distribution of wealth between a rich elite and poor, underprivileged families and clans. Muhammad called on the people of Arabia “to share wealth and create a society where the weak and vulnerable were treated with respect”, according to Karen Armstrong, who emphasized Muhammad’s social message in her book on Islam’s history. It is little wonder that the early believers – with the exception of a few prominent Meccans such as Uthman ibn Affan – came mainly from among the poor, such as freed slaves and those who belonged to lesser clans and families.

The staunchest opposition to Muhammad’s message came from his own tribe, the Quraysh, which was the dominant tribe in Mecca at the time. Muhammad belonged to the Quraysh’s Banu Hashim clan, a prominent but not the most important clan in the tribe. Scholars and observers have put forward various possible explanations for such opposition. Egger and Armstrong, for example, attribute it to the nature of Muhammad’s teachings.

Egger wrote, ‘Muhammad’s teachings were particularly galling to the aristocrats of Mecca. On the one hand, he used the traditional value of generosity against them and exposed the fact that they had betrayed those [tribal] values by becoming greedy and stingy; on the other hand, he turned upside down the traditional criterion for status, which was a prominent position in a powerful tribe. According to him, individuals with undistinguished backgrounds who submitted to God and His Prophet would fare better in eternity than the most revered tribal leader who rejected the new teaching.’

The renowned Montgomery Walt highlighted the threat Muhammad posed to the political power and influence of rich merchants: they feared that if he succeeded in attracting a mass following, he would acquire political power and possibly run Mecca’s affairs.

Their fears were eventually realized because Muhammad would indeed later control Mecca and all of Arabia. What’s more, Muslims after his death would form an empire that would stretch over thousands of miles.

Hijra: The Muslim Era Begins

Muhammad’s main protector in Mecca, his uncle Ali ibn Abi Talib, passed away in 619. Following his death, the Quraysh’s persecution (e.g. economic boycott and physical beatings) of Muhammad’s followers intensified. It was in 622 that the early Muslim community took a step that would become a turning point in Islam’s history: the hijra (migration), moving to Yathrib, which is today the Saudi Arabian city of Medina. Medina is located around 220 miles to Mecca’s north.

Islam had already started to make its way to the city by 620, after a group of its people came to Mecca and heard Muhammad preaching. Later, a full delegation representing Medina’s Arabs visited the prophet, expressed their conversion to Islam and invited him to move to their city. Vowing to obey him, they asked him to arbitrate in the city’s tribal conflicts.

The hijra marked the beginning of the ‘Muslim era’. In fact, the year of the hijra (622 in the Gregorian Christian calendar) marks the first year in the Islamic calendar, also known as the hijri calendar.

In Medina, Muhammad’s followers increased and he became recognized as the city’s political leader. He set about organizing the affairs of a new community, which comprised the immigrant Muslims (known in Islamic tradition as muhajiroon), Medina’s converts to Islam (ansar) and the Jewish tribes that were already well established in the city.

The Koranic verses that Muhammad said were revealed to him while he was in Medina focus on rulings and legislations that were relevant to his new role in running the affairs of a growing community.

Yet the city’s Jewish tribes were not always comfortable with this role. Perhaps, according to some sources, the Jewish tribes were unhappy about the new balance of power he created after mediating between the city’s tribes and clansii, who had been engaged in a long conflict prior to his arrival.

Some historians also attribute the Jews’ hostility toward Muhammad to the religious differences between them. The Jews did not accept that the new prophet was not Jewish. Muhammad, for his part, developed a more negative position toward the ‘people of the book’ (Christians and Jews who had scriptures) after the hijra.

According to many sources, members of Medina’s Jewish clans planned to kill Muhammad more than once. Muhammad expelled two Jewish clans from the city. Amid the Battle of Trench between the Muslims and the Quraysh/Mecca, and after the Jewish Banu Qurayzah clan betrayed an agreement with the Muslims and sided with the Quraysh, Muslims in Medina killed the male members of the clan and enslaved the women and children. This went down in history as a particularly controversial incident.

While in Medina, Muhammad engaged in continuous conflict with the Quraysh/Mecca, marked by a series of three battles, until his home town eventually fell to the Muslims in 630, following Meccans’ violation of the bilateral treaty of Hudaybiyah. By the time Muhammad died in 632, the Muslims controlled all of the Hijaz, the region that makes up most of the western part of modern-day Saudi Arabia.

Following his death, four of Muhammad’s early companions succeeded him in ruling the Muslim community, which would continue to expand to include Iraq, Syria, Egypt, Palestine, Iran, Afghanistan and more. These successors were given the title of caliph. During the reigns of the third and fourth caliphs, disagreements broke out among the Muslim leaders, resulting in civil war and the emergence of the Shiite Muslim sect as distinct from the Sunni sect. To this day, Shiites continue to play major religious and political roles in the Muslim world, despite being in the minority.

The Islamic Doctrine
Scholars agree on a number of key fundamentals that characterize Islam. They include, but are not limited to, the following.

Abrahamic Tradition

Muslims believe that Muhammad is God’s messenger, the last in a series of prophets God sent to complete or ‘seal’ God’s message. They believe in the prophets that preceded him, such as Abraham, Moses, David and Jesus. Most scholars agree that Islam belongs to, or is at least in general harmony with, the Judeo-Christian, Abrahamic tradition.

Muslims, however, claim that any rejection of Muhammad’s prophethood and teachings on the part of Jews and Christians is due to ‘distortions’ that accumulated in the Christian and Jewish traditions over time. The three religions have numerous key concepts in common, such as monotheism, the importance of giving charity to the poor, bodily resurrection after death, the last judgement, heaven, hell and Satan.

Tawhid: God’s Oneness

Many scholars have pinpointed tawhid as the most important concept for Muslims. Muslims are required to acknowledge God’s oneness as the only God (al-ilah in Arabic), which is why there are Arabic-speaking Christians who call God Allah as well). Allah Is the greatest, to whom all the virtuous traits are attributed in their utmost, absolute form: he is the most merciful, most generous and the most just.

Allah has no wife or offspring. He and only he may be worshipped. Islam strictly rejects all forms of polytheism and paganism. This particularly distinguished Muhammad’s message when he started preaching in Mecca because the Quraysh already believed in God, but they worshipped him through idols. Subsequently, Muslims believe that there is no religious authority (e.g. a clergy) between individuals and God.

The Koran (Quran)

In a poetic language and literary style, the Koran tells stories of the past and makes vows about the future, addressing Muhammad and Muslims at times and humankind at other times. It also lays out a number of rulings on how Muslims should live their lives and organize their community, and it describes God’s traits, such as mercy, justice and power.

There is a near-consensus among Muslims that the Koran is the word of God, delivered through revelations that Muhammad received via Gabriel. Many observers have noted that almost all Muslims around the world agree on the authenticity of the Koran, despite their differences and disagreements on scores of issues, both minor and major, and despite their divisions across sects and groups.

Many historians have also agreed on the Koran’s authenticity as a historical source on Muhammad’s life, even if they find it unsatisfactory on its own and in need of supplementary sources. Montgomery Watt describes the Koran as ‘contemporary and authentic’ as a ‘primary source for the life of Muhammad’, even if it is ‘fragmentary’ and ‘difficult to interpret’.

This on the Koran’s fragmentation can be understood in the context of the book’s division into 114 surahs (chapters) that were collected and organized according to Muhammad’s instructions, which is not the same order as the chapters were reportedly revealed to him.

Another historian, F.E. Peters, wrote, ‘There is almost universal consensus that the Koran is authentic, that the text that stands before us is the product of one man.’

Obviously, secularist and non-Muslim historians who consider the Koran authentic do not see it as the word of God, as Muslims do; rather, they consider it as a credible source for what Muhammad said during his life.


#Newsworthy…

Sikhs – Introduction & Prayer Methods Performed By Sikhs – Adigun Michael Olamide

Intro•

Hinduism and Sikhism are both Dharmic religions that originated in the Indian Subcontinent. Hinduism is an older religion, while Sikhism was founded in the 15th-century by Guru Nanak. Both religions share many philosophical concepts such as Karma, Dharma, Mukti, Maya and Saṃsāra.
Islam and Sikhism. Islam is an Abrahamic religion founded in the Arabian peninsula, while Sikhism is a Dharmic religion founded in the Indian subcontinent.

Sikhism, the world’s fifth most popularreligion, is a monotheistic faith that believes in equality and service to others, Sikh officials say.

Sikhs worship God and only God. Unlike members of many other religions they worship God in his true abstract form, and don’t use images or statues to help them.
In Sikhism, only lacto-vegetarian food is served in the Gurdwara (Sikh temple) butSikhs aren’t bound to be meat-free. The general consensus is that Sikhs are free to choose whether to adopt a meat diet or not.
There are a number of religious prohibitions inSikhism. … Intoxication: Consumption of drugs and tobacco, and other intoxicants is not allowed for Amritdhari Sikhs. Non-baptised Sikhs should refrain from alcohol as it is still a sin for Sikhs to consumeintoxicants. Drugs and tobacco are forbidden for all.

The Sikhs believe in going to bed early, then waking up early the next morning. The Sikhs call early morning as Amrit wela. Most of the Sikhs (especially baptized) wake up at this time of day and pray


Morning prayers•

In the morning most of the Sikhs recite the path by sitting in their family or sitting alone. They recite 5 paths (holy chapters) as directed by the tenth guru of Sikhs Sri Guru Gobind Singh.

The list of 5 paths is:

  1. Japji Sahib
  2. Jaap Sahib
  3. Tav Prasad Savaiye
  4. Chaupai Sahib
  5. Anand Sahib

They try to perform these prayers on a daily basis.


Evening prayers•

In the evening the Sikhs perform the path of Rehraas Sahib.


Night prayers•

During night time the Sikhs recite Kirtan Sohila before sleeping.

Though the Sikhs pray these special prayers they are always in touch with their God by reciting Waheguru for the whole day, follow the orders of their Guru Nanak Dev Ji to do work but keep their attention towards God.

Authored By;

Adigun M. Olamide

Kaddish, Qaddish or Qadish ( A Hymn of Praises to God found in Jewish Prayer, Services). – Adigun M. Olamide

Kaddish or Qaddish or Qadish (Aramaic: קדיש “holy”) is a hymn of praises to God found in Jewish prayer services. The central theme of the Kaddish is the magnification and sanctification of God’s name. In the liturgy, different versions of the Kaddish are used functionally as separators between sections of the service.

The term “Kaddish” is often used to refer specifically to “The Mourner’s Kaddish”, said as part of the mourning rituals in Judaism in all prayer services, as well as at funerals (other than at the gravesite, see Qaddish aḥar Haqqəvurah “Qaddish after Burial”) and memorials, and for 11 months after the death of a close relative. When mention is made of “saying Kaddish”, this unambiguously refers to the rituals of mourning. Mourners say Kaddish to show that despite the loss they still praise God.

The opening words of this prayer are inspired by Ezekiel 38:23, a vision of God becoming great in the eyes of all the nations. The central line of the Kaddish in Jewish tradition is the congregation’s response: יְהֵא שְׁמֵהּ רַבָּא מְבָרַךְ לְעָלַם וּלְעָלְמֵי עָלְמַיָּא (Yǝhē šmēh rabbā mǝvārakh lǝʿālam u-lʿalmē ʿālmayyā, “May His great name be blessed for ever, and to all eternity”), a public declaration of God’s greatness and eternity. This response is an Aramaic translation of the Hebrew ברוך שם כבוד מלכותו לעולם ועד” (Blessed be His name, whose glorious kingdom is forever), which is to be found in the Targum Pseudo-Jonathan (בריך שום יקריה לעלמי עלמין, Genesis 49:2 and Deuteronomy 6:4), and is similar to the wording of Daniel 2:20.

The Mourners, Rabbis and Complete Kaddish end with a supplication for peace (“Oseh Shalom…”), which is in Hebrew, and is somewhat similar to the Tanakh Job 25:2.

Along with the Shema Yisrael and Amidah, the Kaddish is one of the most important and central elements in the Jewish liturgy. Kaddish cannot be recited alone. Along with some prayers, it can only be recited with a minyan of ten Jews.

Article By –
Adigun M. Olamide

🔻

20+ Adorable Home Exterior Designs With Flowers And Green Pl…

10 Professional Interior Home Designs That Will Make Your Ho…

#Newsworthy

#NobleReporters

#NobleFashionista